My paper is attached also the Rubric


thanks


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Prof. Instructions:


Opposition Argument Analysis

Just like the Argument Summary assignment you just completed, this is designed to help you become more familiar with argument, and with your position in general, by analyzing the opposing points of

your own

argument. Too often, we either dismiss opposing views or divert our argument away from them without fully exploring or understanding them. As a result, we often focus on one-sided arguments that are overly simplistic or, too often, disingenuous because we don’t fully understand how complex they are or why people hold positions different from the one we present. This kind of closed thinking is evident as our nation debates many important issues and in our own lives as well. To help us avoid this thinking error in our own work, this assignment will help us better understand our overall topic by becoming intimately familiar with the opposing points of view.

The object of this assignment is to summarize the strongest opposing arguments from the conditions of rebuttal in your Toulmin Outline. To do this successfully, you will summarize the opposing points in specific detail, using unbiased language. Our job in this essay is not to pass judgment on the position, but to come to truly understand it by informing ourselves. From this, we may see a side to our topic that we have dismissed or that we are unaware of, and we may gain a deeper understanding of the underlying issues that make these topics so difficult to solve. This summary should follow the same format as the previous assignment, including a clear introduction of the argument, a body (in which you detail the argument), and a conclusion that summarizes the strongest points. If there are multiple sources of opposition, please choose the one you feel to be most credible for this assignment.

For examples, please look at the UMN Writing Center at:

http://www.tc.umn.edu/~jewel001/CollegeWriting/WRITEREAD/Summary/samples.htm (Links to an external site.)


Requirements

One-page, single-spaced analysis of

your

Toulmin Outline

12-Point Times New Roman Font

Professional Tone

Opposition Argument Analysis
Safety in Aviation Transportation Claim Safety in aviation transportation is very paramount, and the fraternity of aviation should ensure that the safety in the aviation fraternity. Reasons: As much as air as means of transportation is the considered the safest mode of transportation as compared to the other, it is precarious. The collateral damage caused by an airplane crash is huge devastate the economy of the affected country vividly. Air transportation is a risky mode of transportation as when accidents occur unlike the other means in airplane crash there are few survivors. The number of passengers in Airbus is as many as 853 people. Losing such a high number in case of an accident is such significant to lose to the society. Thus, make it necessary for the aviation community to intervene and ensure the safety of aviation transportation is advanced. Assumption Most people usually assume that sensors are the primary cause of airplane accidents in the world. Whenever an airplane people believe that the sensor must have contributed to the crash. Pilot error is the most common cause of plane crash attributing to 50% of all airline accident cases. Backing Sukhoi Superjet 100 that crashed into Mount Salak in Indonesia in 2012 reason of crashing is argued to be pilot error. The aircraft, which was on a demonstration flight for potential buyers and journalists, had a terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) but this had been switched off by the pilots who assumed the computer was malfunctioning thus unaware if the nearby mountains the aircraft crashed (Rohrer and Castella 2014). In 1972 Eastern Airlines flight 401 which smashed into the Florida Everglades. The three crews in the plane had been obsessed on why a single indicator light had not come on when the landing gear was lowered. Unfortunately, the autopilot unnoticed accidentally switched to a setting that allowed steady descent as the three-crew focused on their investigation. Before the three crew would realize the disaster in front of them it was too late (Rohrer and Castella 2014). In 1978 the United Airlines Flight 173 crashed leading to the change on how the pilots were being trained. The captain of the pilot allowed the airline to run out of fuel while circling Portland Oregon thus leading to a crash which attributed to the loss of 10 lives. The Air France Flight 447that occurred in 2009 resulted in the loss of many people. The cause of the crash is assumed to the sensor. However, the chief executive of the airline argued that the sensor were not the cause of the accident and people should not think that (Air France CEO: Don’t Assume Sensors Caused Crash 2009). The Colombian plane crash that occurred in November 2016 led to the death of 76 footballers with very few survivors. The primary cause of the aircraft crash is argued that the pilot ran out fuel while on their flight. The crush made the Brazilian football club to lose most of their players (Parkinson 2016). Conditions of Rebuttal Some people do argue that pilot error is not always the immediate cause of airplane crash and thus people should never assume that pilot error is the cause of plane crashes. The mechanic is also leading causes to plane crashes, for instance, engine failure, ineffective radar, etc. Many aircraft accidents are caused by severe weather condition which in barren the visibility of the pilot thus making the pilot lose control of the plane hence causing the crash. There are other causes of airplane crashes and before people assume that the pilot error contributed to a plane crash the issue should be thoroughly investigated. From Air France Flight 447 CEO it also evident that the sensors are not always the cause of airline crash thus also before coming up with the assumption on reasons of an airplane crash thorough research must be done. The research would make the aviation community to highlight all the possible causes f plane crash thus preventing them before they occur. Qualifier Based on the argument their facts that pilot error is not always the immediate cause of airplane crash. However, they are the main reason for an aircraft accident. Thus, to prevent a broad range of aircraft the pilots must first be highly trained to ensure the safety of the people traveling on the plane. Because of the rebuttal condition above, I would change my topic too; the aviation fraternity should advance their transportation system to prevent the accident that is occurring. By the aviation fraternity promoting their transport system, it would make the accident rates to be diminished and improve the reputation of the aviation transportation. Changing the thesis to will make me counter the condition of rebuttal effectively. Reference Air France CEO: Don’t Assume Sensors Caused Crash. (2009). CNN News. Retrieved from: http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/americas/06/11/air.france.crash/ Parkinson, R.H. (2016). Plane Carrying Top Brazilian Football Team Crashes Killing 76 People. Metro. Retrieved from: http://metro.co.uk/2016/11/29/plane-carrying-81-people-crashes-with-at-least-six-survivors-6288922/ Rohrer, F. & Castella, T. (2014). Mechanical v Human: Why do planes crash? BBC News Magazine. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26563806