Answer the following questions in 2-3 sentences

On your way to a restaurant you notice a billboard advertising a local gym.  There is a picture of a fit, young man and a woman in workout clothes, laughing.  To one side is the name of the gym, and on the other is the following sentence: “Who says working out can’t be fun?”   Which of the TWO basic kinds of advertisements would this fall under? Why?
By the time you reach the restaurant, you are no longer feeling hungry because the billboard made you realize how out of shape you have become.  As you try to figure out the best light beer to buy from the list, you remember that one advertises with the slogan, “The ultimate light beer experience,” and decide to give it a try.  This slogan can be termed as “puffery” Why?
After dinner, you go home and flip through the mail.  You find a direct mailing from a local car dealership advertising a 3.5% interest rate and a $1500 rebate on the purchase of a new car.  There is aso a fine print statement at the bottom of the page that says, “Offer only good through Friday for buyers witha credit rating of 850 or better interested in buying a gray, 4-door 2011 Chevy Impala” What would you call this final disclaimer and why?

There are a few publications as ideologically different and the National Review.  After reading the appropriate article selections answer the following questions Article 1: (2010).  The Week.  National Review, 62(11), 4-14.  Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.

Aritcle 1

– The latest flare-up of violence off the Gaza coast has been months in the planning.  Hamas, the Islamist movement that seized power in Gaza, does everything it can to bring in weapons and gunmen.  Naturally there is an Isreaeli blockade.  This time, Hamas got open Turkish backing to prepare and launch a flotilla of ships to enter Gaza.  Hundreds of activists from all over the world, united only in hatred of Israel, were recruited to sail and provide civilian cover.  Either the ships would dock, in which case the blockade would prove useless, or, more likely, there would be confrontation, and Israel would be made to look bad.  Either way, Hamas was suer to generate immense publicity, adn that would be victory enough.  As expected, Israeli commandos stormed the lead ship.  Activists, resisted, and nime or maybe ten people were killed.

Article 2 – Is attached

Answer the following questions

Focusing on the second article, what indicates to you that there is bias in this article?
Focusing on Article 1, what indicates you you that there is bias in this aritcle?
Having read both reports on the same event, what is the bias of each new source?

For each of the following arguments, determine wheter each is valid or invalid.  If valid, determine whether it is deductive or inductive.  If invalid, explain why.

Whenever it rains at night, I can’t sleep.  If I don’t sleep, my work suffers.  If it rains at night, my work suffers.
It is still my belief that it is safest to buy bottled water rather than drink from the tap.  I’ve heard about the most recent studies, the ones tha tsay the bottled water is no purer than regular tap water.  Yes, I have read that chemicals in the plastic bottles can be leeched inot the water if they sit too long.  Buy really, how can something coming from the tap be as good? It just can’t be.
My younger sister went to Mom and told that I pushed her into the door that cut her cheek.  But it didn’t happen.  I never pushed her.  She must’ve just walked into the door on her own.

Critical Thinking Q&A
The Nation. 5 June 21, 2010 LOSING THE BASE: In his race for governor of Alabama, Congressman Artur Davis positioned himself far to the right of national Democrats. That earned him lots of plaudits from pundits who portrayed him as a “New South” coalition builder. Then Davis became the only member of the Congression al Black Caucus to vote against legislation addressing the healthcare crisis. His populist primary foe, Alabama agriculture commissioner Ron Sparks, saw an opening and declared, “I will not let any Democrat in Alabama forget that Artur Davis voted against healthcare reform.” Sparks, who is white, won endorsements from the state’s oldest major African- American political group, the Alabama Democratic Conference, as well as from many of the state’s most prominent African-American leaders and labor unions, like the United Mine Workers and the United Auto Workers. On June 1 he beat Davis by almost a 2-to-1 margin in what the Birmingham News called “one of the more remarkable upsets in Alabama primary history.” JOHN NICHOLS PENCILS UP: For our fi fth annual student writing contest, we’re looking for thoughtful student voices to answer this question in 800 words: how has your education been compromised by budget cuts and tuition hikes? We’ll select fi ve fi nalists and two winners—one from college, the other from high school. Each will receive a $1,000 prize and a Nation subscription. Finalists will receive $200. The winning essays will be published in the magazine and featured at Entries will be accepted through June 30, and a winner will be announced by September 15. The contest is open to all matriculated high school students and undergraduates at US schools, colleges and universities, as well as those receiving high school or college degrees in 2010. E-mail entries to [email protected] Check out to read previous winning essays. SPEAKING OUT ON ISRAEL: J Street, the pro-Israel, pro-peace lobby that seeks to get the US more seriously engaged in the Middle East peace process, was quick to decry the deadly attack by Israeli forces on an aid ship as the “shocking outcome of an effort to bring humanitarian relief to the people of Gaza.” As part of a broader plea for “immediate action” toward a “two-state resolution that protects Israel and frees the Palestinian people,” J Street called for an inquiry “to establish responsibility for the violence and bloodshed” and an “immediate end to the blockade of civilian and humanitarian items from entering Gaza, subject to inspection and screening to prevent the import of arms and weapons.” That’s a reasonable response. Unfortunately, it didn’t gain much traction in offi cial Washington, where The Hill described the reaction to the attack as “somewhat muted.” While President Obama and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called for a “credible and transparent” investigation, they eschewed even mild criticism of the attack or the blockade. A number of Democrats joined Republicans in urging the US to “veto any biased UN resolutions” condemning Israel, while Senator John McCain criticized Obama for not backing Israel enough. On the other side, Congressman Dennis Kucinich circulated a letter to colleagues calling on the US to “remind Israel as well as all of our other friends and allies: It is not acceptable to repeatedly violate international law.” Arguably the most outspoken Democrat was outside Washington, however. California Congressional candidate Marcy Winograd, a co-founder of LA Jews for Peace, bluntly decried the attack that left at least nine people on the aid ship dead. Despite being locked in a tight primary race with Congresswoman Jane Harman, who has made unblinking support of Israel central to her appeal to the Los Angeles–area district’s many Jewish voters, Winograd pulled no punches: “Violence begets violence. Hatred begets hatred. Enough, we must stop this, and adhere to the laws that have been established by the international community…. As a Jewish woman of conscience, I invite my opponent, Jane Harman, another Jewish woman, and all of Congress to join me in denouncing this kind of barbaric violence, demanding an end to the blockade, and seeking an international investigation into these murders. I recommit myself to working towards a true, just and lasting peace.” JOHN NICHOLS RIDE ON: On May 29 actor, fi lmmaker and artist Dennis Hopper died at 74. At The Nation, Hopper will be remembered as a longtime friend and supporter. For the public, he will be forever memorialized as the star of Easy Rider (1969), the countercultural touchstone he also wrote and directed, a fi lm that helped launch the brief but glorious era of New Hollywood, when style, substance and smarts found a place in the studio system. Among his friends, however, Hopper will be celebrated as a man as complex and inspiring as he was iconic. A couple of months before his death, Hopper received a star on Hollywood Boulevard’s Walk of Fame. Actor Viggo Mortensen gave an eloquent and moving tribute on that occasion, and when we heard of Hopper’s death, we published those remarks at Here’s an excerpt: “Aside from being a complete and fertile artist, Dennis has, most importantly, remained a constant source of ideas, inspiration and humor for his friends and colleagues. This positive infl uence has manifested itself in his unceasing interest in people and their behavior, in the unpredict- ability of life—an openness that has often involved changing his mind and letting go of preconceived notions regarding art and morality in his life, and in the lives of others. Like any true artist, he has continually learned from, suffered over, and, as frequent- ly as possible, laughed at his own mistakes and apparent dead-ends. He keeps himself honest, and he keeps those around him honest. ‘Why do you say that?’ ‘Where did that come from?’ ‘Who did it fi rst?’ ‘Why does it matter?’ ‘Maybe I’m wrong.’ ‘I love you”—these are some of the phrases likely to come out of his mouth at any time. His candor and essential modesty inspire fearlessness in others. As much as he deserves this star on Hollywood Boulevard and the many other professional honors he has received, it is this ability to instill a degree of fearlessness and wonder that sets him apart as an artist and as a friend.” Noted. Copyright of Nation is the property of Nation Company, L. P. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder’s express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use.