Prior to beginning your post, read the required materials and review the handouts, Plot, Theme, and Conflict and List of Literary Techniques. In addition, read Chapters 4 through 7 of Journey into Literature and choose a story from the textbook.
Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. The minimum word count does not include references.In this discussion you will
- Describe the core conflict represented in the story.
- Describe the theme of the story.
- Select three literary elements/techniques in the story and describe them.
- Explain how the elements/techniques illustrate the theme and conflict expressed in the story.
- Incorporate readings found in Chapters 4 through 7 to help illustrate the points you make.
In the stories you have read in Chapters 4 through 7, you have been introduced to several kinds of characters. Select another story from your textbook that is different than the one you analyzed in the “Literary Techniques and Their Connection to Conflict in Literature” discussion and identify and consider a character you sympathize with. Reflect on why you identify with them and how that character is constructed by the author.
Your post should be at least 250 words in length. The minimum word count does not include references.
As you write your post, answer the following questions:
- Identify the character and the literary work he or she appears in.
- Why did this character interest you? What choices does the character make, and how do the choices (or the result of the choices) contribute to the theme of the story?
- What kind of conflict (internal/external) did this character encounter, and how did he or she handle it?
- How does the setting contribute to the character’s development?
- How does the setting contribute to the character’s experience and give the story more meaning?
- Incorporate readings found in Chapters 4 through 7 to help illustrate the points you make.
ENG125: Introduction to Literature List of Literary Techniques Technique Description Allusion A reference to a recognized literary work, person, historic event, artistic achievement, etc. that enhances the meaning of a detail in a literar y work. Climax The crisis or high point of tension that becomes the story’s turning point — the point at which the outcome of the conflict is determined. Conflict The struggle that shapes the plot in a story. Dramatic irony When the reader or audienc e knows more about the action than the character involved. Epiphany A profound and sudden personal discovery. Exposition Setting and essential background information presented at the beginning of a story or play. Falling action A reduction in inte nsity following the climax in a story or play, allowing the various complications to be worked out. Fate An outside source that determines human events. Figurative language Language used in a non -literal way to convey images and ideas. Figures of speec h The main tools of figurative language; include similes and metaphors.. First -person point of view Occurs when the narrator is a character in the story and tells the story from his or her perspective. Flashback The description of an event that occur red prior to the action in the story. Foreshadowing A technique a writer uses to hint or suggest what the outcome of an important conflict or situation in a narrative ENG125: Introduction to Literature will be. Imagery A distinct representation of something that can be experienced and understood through the senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste), or the representation of an idea. Irony A contradiction in words or actions. There are three types of irony: verbal, situational, and dramatic. Limited omniscient point of view Occurs when a narrator has access to the thoughts and feelings of only one character in a story. Metaphor A figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between one object and another that is different from it. Objective point of view A d etached point of view, evident when an external narrator does not enter into the mind of any character in a story but takes an objective stance, often to create a dramatic effect. Omniscient point of view An all -knowing point of view, evident when an ex ternal narrator has access to the thoughts and feelings of all the characters in a story. Persona Literally, in Latin, “a mask.” Plot A connecting element in fiction; a sequence of interrelated, conflicting actions and events that typically build to a climax and bring about a resolution Point of view The perspective of the narrator who will present the action to the reader. Resolution The outcome of the action in a story or play. Rising action Conflicts and circumstances that build to a high point of tension in a story or play. ENG125: Introduction to Literature Situational irony When the outcome in a situation is the opposite of what is expected. Simile A figure of speech that compares two objects or ideas that are not ordinarily considered to be similar, linked by using like or as . Song A lyrical musical expression, a source of emotional outlet common in ancient communities and still influential in contemporary culture. Symbol An object, person, or action that conveys two meanings: its literal meaning and something it stands f or. Third -person point of view Occurs when the narrator tells the story using third -person pronouns (he, she, they) to refer to the characters. Tone In a literary work, the speaker’s attitude toward the reader or the subject. Verbal irony When word s are used to convey a meaning that is opposite of their literal meaning.
ENG125: Introduction to Literature Theme, Plot, and Conflict Purpose: Use this resource to learn about how theme, plot, and conflict are different from one another but yet work together in literature . When reading literature, the reader needs to make a distinction between three key elements: Theme Plot Conflict So what are the differences between these elements? Theme The theme is a c ommon idea that is incorporated and repeated throughout a literary work. A theme is often also called “the moral of the story.” The author uses the characters, plot, and other literary devices to build and enhance the theme. The theme weaves through the entire story and is highlighted by symbols, setting and character actions. Some common themes include: Revenge : Hamlet , Star Trek: Wrath of Khan, A Time to Kill Unrequited Love : Romeo and Juliet , Forest Gump The Jou rney : The Adventures of Hucklebe rry Finn , Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring Coming -of-Age : To Kill a Mockingbird , The Perks of Being a Wallflower Pride and Downfall : Macbeth , Downfall (a movie about Hitler’s last days) ENG125: Introduction to Literature Racism: “A Worn Path,” Mississippi Burning Fight Between Good and Evil : “Where are You Going, Where Have You Been,” “A Good Man is Hard to Find,” Superman, The Terminator War is often a theme, though can be represented in different ways: War as futile: All Quiet on the Western Front , Farewell to Arms War as brutal: Th e Things They Carried, Full Metal Jacket War as glory: Courage Under Fire War as opposing evil: Braveheart , The Dirty Dozen War as tragedy: Schindler’s List, Taking Chance War as survival: The Pianist , Defiance The Effects of War: The Brothers , Someti mes a theme can entwine two different ideas, so that there is a main theme and a minor theme. To Kill A Mockingbird : coming of age theme that also incorporates racism A Farewell to Arms : unrequited love theme also linked to war as brutal Lord of the Ri ngs : a journey theme combined with the fight against good and evil Do not confuse “theme” with the subject. The subject is the foundation on which the theme is built on. For instance, A Christmas Carol is based on the subject of Christmas, yet its theme is generosity and charity. “The Things They Carried” focuses on war, which is its subject, but its theme is how the individual solider experiences war. Plot ENG125: Introduction to Literature Plot is composed of events that create an entire story. These events are organized in a sequential manner or a specific narrative pattern that links them together . The structure of a story or novel depends on the organization of events in the plot. The plot centers the reader’s attention on the characters and their roles in the story. Elements of the plot motivate or impel characters to behave in a specific way, which can either create a positive or negative results for the character. Events in the plot contribute to the story’s rising action , the climax and the falling action, resulting in the story’s end. In short, a plot is what occu rs in a story or novel. When a movie -goer describes an excitin g film they just saw , they usually tell of the sequence of events and thus are reciting the plot of that movie. Most plots start with a main character who faces a small or large problem. The main character attempts to solve his problem, but in the process, more problems and obstacles crop up. By the end of the story or novel, the protagonist has solved his/her problem, usually a “happy ending,” or ha s failed to solve the problem. Failure, however, may allow the protagonist to gain to insight, self -awareness and growth (or not). An example of plot in Macbeth: Macbeth and his pal Banquo mee t three witches, who tell Macbeth he will become the Thane of Cawdor, then King. Macbeth, then made Thane of Cawdor, begins to believe the witches and he tells his wife of their prophecy. Macbeth and his wife plot to kill the King to rush the process, and lay the blame on his guards . The King’s sons flee for their lives and Banquo becomes suspicious of Macbeth . Macbeth kills Banquo, but his son Fleance escapes. The witches tell Macbeth to beware of Macduff, so he massacres his whole famil y. The King’s son Malcolm leads an army against Macbeth. Lady Macbeth commits suicide. Macduff kills Macbeth and Malcolm claims the throne. ENG125: Introduction to Literature Conflict In literature, a conflict is a common literary element that involves a struggle between two opposing forces. Those forces can take a variety of forms, and include several different combinations, including: Individual against individual (protagonist against the antagonist) Individual against nature Individual against society Individual against self Individual against technology Conflict can either be internal or external . An internal conflict shows how a character struggles within their minds. It can be a psychological struggle, an emotional one or an ethical dilemma the character faces. Hamlet faces an internal struggle when he cannot decide to act once he learns his uncle killed his father. An external struggle involves forces generated by the environment or random events that work to impede the protagonist. These forces come from outside the character. For instance, Hamlet’s uncle creates external conflict when he kills Hamlet’s father and marries his mother. Hamlet feels c ompelled to fix this situation. N.C Wyth, King Arther and Mordred ENG125: Introduction to Literature Working Together Theme, plot and c onflict all work together to create a story. Both internal and external forces arise out of the action/events of the plot and contribute to the theme. For instance, one of the themes of Hamlet is revenge . Hamlet’s uncle kills his father, so Hamlet must seek revenge (external conflict), though he doesn’t quite know how to do so (internal conflict). The plot sets events in motion, arranging them in a sequential manner.
ENG125: Introduction to Literature Proposal for final paper—Week 1 Once you have decided on an approved prompt and approved text, respond to the questions below. Please be mindful of the word count and double-space all of your responses. You are to meet the minimum word requirement without going over the maximum number of words requested. What is your chosen prompt for the literary analysis assignment? (Use the space below to complete this section. Include the number and first sentence of the prompt you chose from the list of prompts.) What interests you most about this prompt and why? (Use the space below to complete this section. Your response must be 100 to 150 words.) What text will you write about? Why? (Use the space below to complete this section. Your response must be 100 to 150 words.) What is your working thesis? Keep in mind that “working thesis” means you can slightly modify your thesis for the draft and/or final essay. (Use the space below to complete this section. Your thesis statement must be ONLY one to two sentences long.) What are three key ideas that you will discuss in support of your thesis? (Write one — and only one — sentence for each point. What questions/concerns do you have at this point about your project? (Use the space below to complete this section. Your response must be 75 to 150 words long.)